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Ishavasya Upanishad

Ishavasya Upanishad

The Ishavasya Upanishad is located in the Sukla Yajur Veda.

Timeline – 1st millennium BC
Type – Mukhya Upanishad
Veda – Shukla Yajurveda
Texts – Adi Shankara and Madhvacharya

1st Mantra of Ishavasya Upanishad 

îsHâ vâsyamidaM sarvaM yat kiñca jagatyâM jagat,
tena tyaktena bhuñjîthâ mâ gRidhaH kasya sviddhanam (1)

Meaning:-
isha – God
vaasyam – enveloped, clothed, pervaded
idam – this
sarvam – all
yatkincha – Whatsoever?
jagatyaam – in this World, on Earth
jagat – World, Moving, Movable, Earth
tena tyaktena – Renouncing this, it
bhunjitha – Enjoy
ma – Don’t
gridha – Covet
kasya – Whose
svid – Indeed, Wonder, Do you think
dhanam – Wealth

Explanation
By the Lord is enveloped all that moves in the moving world.
By renouncing this, find your enjoyment.
Do not covet the possessions of others.
Courtesy – (http://www.san.beck.org/Upan3-Isha.html)

This Upanishad is called the Ishavasya Upanishad because it begins that all these worlds are filled with Easwara (Isha Vasya Midam Sarvam). This is a small subdivision containing only 18 mantras. Adi Shankara and Madhvacharya have written explanatory texts for this Upanishad.

Upanishad Structure

The Ishavasya Upanishad is the only Upanishad associated with a Samhita, the oldest layer of scripture known for its mantras and rituals. Other Upanishads are attached to the later layer of scriptures such as the Brahmins and the Aranyakas. As researcher Max Muller points out, this does not mean that the Isha Upanishad is the oldest, because the Shukla Yajur Veda appeared later than the textual layers of other scriptures such as the Rig Veda.

The 8th century Indian scholar Adi Shankara in his Bhasya (review and commentary) noted that the mantras and songs of the Ishavasya Upanishad are not used in rituals because their purpose is “What is the nature of the soul (Athma)?”; Thus, the Upanishads, despite the cult of the Yajurveda Samhita, have historically not functioned as a cult text. Ishavasya Upanishad is a philosophical text.

Ishavasya Upanishad Mantra

îsHâ vâsyamidaM sarvaM yat kiñca jagatyâM jagat,
tena tyaktena bhuñjîthâ mâ gRidhaH kasya sviddhanam (1)

kurvann eveha karmāṇi jijīviṣet śataṁ samāḥ,
evaṁ tvayi nānyatheto’sti na karma lipyate nare
 (2)

asuryā nāma te lokā andhena tamasā vṛtāḥ,
tāṁs te pretyābhigacchanti ye ke cātmahano janāḥ (3)

anejad ekaṁ manaso javīyo nainad devā āpnuvan pūrvamarṣat,
tad dhāvato’nyān-atyeti tiṣṭhat tasminn apo mātariśvā dadhāti
 (4)

tad ejati tan naijati tad dūre tad vad antike,
tad antarasya sarvasya tad u sarvasyāsya bāhyataḥ
 (5)

yas tu sarvāṇi bhūtani ātmany evānupaśyati
sarvabhūteṣu catmānaṁ tato na vijugupsate
 (6)

yasmin sarvāṇi bhūtāny ātmaivābhūd vijānata
tatra ko mohaḥ kaḥ śokaḥ ekatvam anupaśyataḥ
 (7)

sa paryagāc chukram, akāyam, avraṇam, asnāviram, śuddham, apāpaviddham,
kavir manīṣī, paribhūḥ, svayambhūḥ, yāthātathyato’rthān vyadadhāc chāśvatībhyas samābhyaḥ (8)

andhaṁ tamaḥ praviśanti yo’vidyām upasate,
tato bhūya iva te tamo ya u vidyāyāṁ ratāḥ (9)

anyad evāhur vidyayā anyad āhur avidyayā,
iti śuśruma dhīrāṇām ye nas tad vicacakṣire (1O)

vidyāṁ cāvidyāṁ ca yas tad vedobhayam saha,
avidyayā mṛtyuṁ tīrtvā vidyayāmṛtam aśnute (11)

andhaṁ tamaḥ praviśanti ye’sambhūtim upāsate,
tato bhuya iva te tamo ya u sambhutyāṁ ratāḥ (12)

anyad evahūḥ sambhavād anyad āhur asambhavāt,
iti śuśruma dhīrāṇām ye nas tad vicacakṣire (13)

sambhūtiṁ ca vināśaṁ ca yas tad vedobhayaṁ saha
vināśena mṛtyuṁ tīrtvā sambhūtyā amṛtam aśnute (14)

hiraṇmayena pātreṇa satyasyāpihitam mukham,
tat tvaṁ pūṣan āpāvṛṇu satyadharmāya dṛṣṭaye (15)

pūṣann ekarṣe yama sūrya prājāpatya vyūha raśmīn samūha tejaḥ,
yat te rūpaṁ kalyāṇatamaṁ tat te paśyāmi yo sāv asau puruṣaḥ,
so’ham asmi (16)

vāyur anilam amṛtam athedam bhasmāntaṁ śarīram,
aum krato smara kṛtaṁ smara krato smara kṛtaṁ smara (17)

agne naya supathā rāye asmān viśvāni deva vayunāni vidvān,
yuyodhyasmaj juharāṇam eno bhūyiṣṭhāṁ te nama-uktim vidhema (18)

Shanti Mantra of the Upanishads

Pūrṇamata:Pūrṇamitam pūrṇāt pūrṇamutacyatē!
Pūrṇasya pūrṇamātāya pūrṇamēvāvaciṣyatē!
Ōm cānti:Cānti: Cānti!!

Definition: Easwaran is the perfect form. Every living thing is perfect. Absolute lives have arisen from the perfect Easwaran. If the perfect form is taken from the perfect being, the remnant is only perfect. Om Shanti Shanti Shanti.

Ishavasya Upanishad Lyrics – English

by Sanderson Beck

By the Lord is enveloped
all that moves in the moving world.
By renouncing this, find your enjoyment.
Do not covet the possessions of others.
Working here one may wish to live for a hundred years.
Thus it is up to you—there is no other way than this—
the work does not adhere to you.
Demonic are those worlds named, covered in blinding darkness;
there after death go those people who kill the soul.

Unmoving the one is faster than the mind.
The angels do not reach it, as it is always beyond them.
Standing still it passes beyond those who run.
In it the Mother establishes the waters.
It moves, and it does not move.
It is far, and it is near.
It is within all this, and it is also outside all this.

Whoever sees all beings in the soul
and the soul in all beings
does not shrink away from this.
In whom all beings have become one with the knowing soul
what delusion or sorrow is there for the one who sees unity?
It has filled all.

It is radiant, incorporeal, invulnerable,
without tendons, pure, untouched by evil.
Wise, intelligent, encompassing, self-existent,
it organizes objects throughout eternity.

Into blind darkness enter those who follow ignorance;
into even greater darkness go those who follow knowledge.
It is distinct, they say, from knowledge.
It is distinct, they say, from ignorance.
So have we heard from the wise who explained it to us.
Knowledge and ignorance, whoever knows the two together
with ignorance passes over death,
with knowledge attains immortality.

Into blind darkness enter those who follow non-becoming;
into greater darkness enter those who follow becoming.
It is distinct, they say, from becoming.
It is distinct, they say, from non-becoming.
So have we heard from the wise who explained it to us.
Becoming and destruction, whoever knows the two together
with destruction passes over death,
with becoming attains immortality.

The face of truth is covered with a golden disc.
Unveil it, nourisher,
for one whose duty is to see the truth.
Nourisher, one seer, controller, sun, child of the creator,
spread your light and gather your brilliance
that I may see your loveliest form.
Whatever is that Spirit, that also am I.
May this life enter into the immortal breath!
This body then ends in ashes. Aum.
Purpose, remember! Action, remember!
Purpose, remember! Action, remember!

Agni, lead us by a good path to success,
you god who knows all ways.
Keep us away from deceitful sins.
We offer ample prayer to you.
Courtesy – (http://www.san.beck.org/Upan3-Isha.html)

Isha Vasya Midam Sarvam – Central Theme of Upanishad

All living beings and universes are filled with the Lord. Must defend itself by sacrifice. Do not be tempted to seize anyone’s belongings. He who sees the philosophy of the soul in all beings has no dizziness, no sorrow.

Only those who are obsessed with the Karmic Yoga mentioned in the scriptures get the benefit of heaven and hell. Those who are only devoted to the devotional yoga mentioned in the scriptures get slightly more worlds than that.

Brahmaloka is available to those who practice Karma Yoga along with Bhakti Yoga. Although the above worlds are unstable, it is considered to be the highest benefit attained from a miserable life.

Along with Karma Yoga and Bhakti Yoga, one who hears and knows the doctrine of Virtual Enlightenment Yoga through a qualified Guru is guaranteed to attain greater salvation without birth and death.

Enveloped by the Lord must be This All — each thing that moves on earth. With that renounced, enjoy thyself. Covet no wealth of any man.  — Isha Upanishad, Hymn

Ishavasya Upanishad Book Online

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About Ishavasya Upanishad Book – This text includes the original Sanskrit verses, transliteration and translations of the following nine major Upanishads: Prashnopanishad, Kenopanishad, Mandukyopanishad, Mundakopanishad, Ishavasya Upanishad, Kathopanishad, Aitareya Upanishad, Shvetashvataropanishad and Taittiriya Upanishad.

1 Comment

  1. Guru Gobind Singh

    Ishavasya Upanishad information is really good

    Reply

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